Water is one of the essential compounds for life and a scarce resource in the same measure. It’s said that this essential commodity occupies almost 75% of the earth’s surface but it’s quite ironical that with this kind of abundance water would still be referred to with an adjective like scarce or even the word drought should exist. Ironical or not, there is no sufficient fresh and clean water for consumption. Most of the water accessible to mankind has been polluted and become unfit for consumption. Besides pollution other factors exacerbating the situation are the cutting down of water catchment areas such as forests and reclamation of water bodies in order to put up settlements. Given these conditions, there is an increased rate of desertification and climatic changes. Given this trend of diminishing water resources, there is need for drastic measures to be taken to either reverse the trend or at least arrest the situation. There is need to urgently ensure sustainability in the way water resources are exploited so that we not only benefit but also we safeguard the future generations’ ability to benefit from the same. Conserving the entire water resource on the mother earth is quite a big dream but still attainable through our small deeds of water conservation. How? See below;

  1. Tapping and storing rainwater: This can be achieved through installation of gutters on roofs to collect rain water. People with iron roofs can install gutters on their houses and this will prevent rainwater from being wasted as runoffs. This water is channeled into storage tanks for storage and can be used in the future when there is “water shortage”. This is a very convenient way of getting fresh water. In primary school my teacher said it is an example of soft water and then went ahead to enumerate a whole lot of merits associated with this kind of water.For me, the bottom line is, it will help in eradicating the problem of water scarcity.
  2. Reusing of water in homesteads is another simple yet overlooked way of water conservation. Simply put, water used in doing laundry can be reused in flashing toilets or even mopping floors. My teacher said it is called grey-water, and it includes wastewater generated from wash hand basins, showers and baths, which can be recycled on-site for uses such as WC flushing and landscape irrigation and thus saving on clean water
  3. Take shorter showers; I know most of us don’t see this as wastage when they leave shower water running even when they are not using the water but you would be surprised at how much you would save if only you can turn it on when you need it. Another way to cut down on water use is to turn off the shower after soaping up, and then turn it back on to rinse. A four-minute shower uses approximately 20 to 40 gallons of water.
  4. Also, another way to save water is for you to turn off the water after you wet your toothbrush when brushing your teeth. There is no need to keep the water running while brushing your teeth. Just wet your brush and fill a glass for mouth rinsing.
  5. And finally for farmers like me put a layer of mulch around trees and plants. Mulch will slow evaporation of moisture while discouraging weed growth. Adding 2 – 4 inches of organic material such as compost or bark mulch will increase the ability of the soil to retain moisture. Press the mulch down around the drip line of each plant to form a slight depression which will prevent or minimize water runoff.

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