Archive for June, 2014


Not long ago was the World Environment Day (5th June). This is a day set aside to stimulate worldwide awareness on environmental issues and encourage political and individual efforts in conserving the environment. Thanks to concerted efforts by different stakeholders on environmental issues and the need to protect our environment, people are now more aware and exhibiting the will to conserve the environment. However, most of us wait until its world environment day to show it. Is this sufficient?
More can be done. There is more that we can do individually to protect our environment and achieve sustainable development. We should start by personalizing environmental issues and to realize not only our responsibilities but also power to influence others to change and behave responsibly. One can do so by participating in environmental conservation activities.
One can also mobilize and educate colleagues and friends on sustainable environmental practices, organize exhibitions and even get children to express their understanding of safe environment through art, initiate tree planting drives, encourage switching off the lights when not in use, encourage recycling of plastic bags and sustainable use of water.
Food portions controlling is another way in which one conserves the environment although indirectly. To avoid wastage of food, practice the following; use leftovers wisely in that you can make a meal out of the leftovers, Donate any unspoiled food to those who may not have, compost any food scraps and eat smart only serving what you can finish from your plate.
Lastly, plant a tree; you don’t have to wait for the world environment day!!!!!

 

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Calves are born with a naïve immune system and for the first three weeks of life the calf relies on the antibodies provided by dam’s colostrum to help protect them against diseases. Poor management of calves exposes them to risks which poses the danger of death. Many farmers have reported deaths and incurred losses due to deaths of their calves.

Some calves are born dead – stillbirths while other die shortly (months) after being born. There are cases of deformed calves – contributing to the problem of calf mortality. Causes of calf mortality can be summarized as below;

  1. Dystocia is the number one contributor to calf death.
  2. Dystocia can affect calves severely enough to cause mortality directly, or can contribute to other problems and indirectly increase calf death.
  3. Heifers have a higher incidence of dystocia than mature cows, and calves from heifer-dams have increased death loss.
  4. Environmental conditions such as cold, wind, and moisture increase calf death.
  5. Calves affected by dystocia or other maternal health problems such as deficient or excessive body condition, adapt poorly to life outside the uterus and succumb to environmental problems more easily.
  6. Poor maternal nutrition reduces calf vigor, calf body heat production, and calf immunoglobulin absorption.
  7. Infectious disease problems increase in calves with dystocia, calves that initially adapt poorly to life outside the uterus, and calves with poor maternal immunoglobulin absorption.
  8. Infectious disease is the most important cause of death in calves greater than three days old.

For this and more information on how to manage your calves and reduce mortality for huge profits – get it from this document: https://elcah.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/management_health_newborn-calves.pdf

Like many other African countries, Kenya’s population is exponentially growing. This has a direct impact on the food demands of the country. Kenyans’ staple food is Ugali – also sometimes called sima, sembe or posho. This is a dish of maize flour (cornmeal) cooked with water to a porridge – or dough-like consistency. This meal is eaten throughout the country but not all the country’s 47 counties produce maize. It is only in western Kenya that maize farming has thrived due to the conducive climatic conditions.

maize plantation

maize plantation

The region does not only produce maize but also many other food stuffs. As such, it has been christened the country’s food basket. This region is endowed with the most favorable conditions for agricultural production. The favorable conditions have given rise to relatively high carrying capacity for both human and animal production and a large proportion of the population here is engaged in a wide range of agricultural activities.

Cassava Plantation

Cassava Plantation

In this region, crop production covers a wide range of crops which include both cash and food crops. Besides maize, other crops grown include: sorghum (sorghum bicolor); cassava (manihot esculenta), common beans (phaseolus vulgaris); field peas (pisum sativum); potato (solanum tuberosum); finger millet (Eleusine coracna) and coffee (coffea canephora or Robusta coffee) and bananas (Musa spp).
With all these, the region is truly a food basket of the country.

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